What you need to know about publishers in 2020

I got this article in an email from Authors Publish.com. You may need to subscribe to get their regular emails. They are a great resource for authors want to publish guides to publishing.

The 10 Major Publishing Trends of 2019

Written by Emily Harstone

I am starting off this article with a disclaimer. This article is not going to tell you what publishing trends are up and coming. I don’t know whether books about fairy pirates are going to be the new children’s book trend or not. That isn’t my area of expertise, and it is not where my interest lies.

This article is all about the trends I have observed in the publishing industry – in terms of manuscript publishers, self-publishing, and literary journals – over the last year or so. The key word in the previous sentence is “I”. This article reflects my personal opinion, and what I have noticed. I write a new/updated version of this article every year.

Because I write a review of a manuscript publisher every week for Authors Publish, I spend a lot of time researching publishers and publishing. As a professional submission advisor I spend hours every week researching literary journals, publishers, and literary agents. I also receive hundreds of emails every year about publishing.

Below are all the trends that I have noticed developing over the last year.

1. The euphoria of self-publishing has worn off

This has been coming for years. Authors are still self-publishing but they are fewer and it’s seen more and more as a last ditch effort than an opportunity, instead of a stepping stone towards traditional publishing, which is an interesting shift. I think Facebook and the growing ineffectiveness of author pages is one of the factors in the change, as well as over-saturation of the market.

I actually think it might create a period of opportunity for self-published authors that have a lot of marketing knowledge and energy, but that is pure speculation. As a side note, even fewer publishers than before are accepting previously self-published books.

I’ve noticed that this does not seem to be affecting vanity presses, particularly ones that don’t bill themselves as self-publishers and use alternative terms like “hybrid publisher”. They are just shifting their tactics away from billing themselves as “self-publishers”.

2. Imprints of the Big Five publishers are becoming more likely to be closed to unsolicited submissions 

In the past, most of the Big Five publishers have had at least one imprint open to direct submissions. Often it was an imprint aimed at children, or it was an electronic/digital-first imprint.

Last year I noticed a lot of the electronic imprints of Big Five publishers were slowing down or closing down, then in the early months of 2019 a number of electronic imprints closed down completely.

This is unfortunate, but par for the course.

In 2017 about 10 independent publishers that I had previously reviewed closed their doors to unsolicited submissions, in 2018 less than five did. Hopefully this trend will continue to be on the decline.

3. eBook Publishing, in general, seems to have stabilized

In 2017 about eight eBook publishers that I had previously reviewed closed their doors to unsolicited submissions, in 2018 five did. In 2019 this number went down again.

Part of this is that there were fewer eBook publishers starting up, but the companies that have started tend to be by editors with more experience, and they seem to have a greater chance of sticking around.

It is much more common for these new presses to offer print versions of the books they are publishing, even though the majority of what they sell are eBooks.

4. More literary journals are charging reading fees

Unfortunately, this is a trend that just keeps growing. We at Authors Publish have been talking about this for a long time, and if you are interested in learning more about how reading fees work, this article is for you.

I am not surprised this issue is continuing to be a large one.

Also, I have noticed that it is becoming more common to charge more than $3 to submit. The largest literary journal submission fee I have seen is for $25, which is preposterous.

5. More prestigious literary journals are charging reading fees

I’ve been monitoring the 100 most challenging markets on Duotrope for the last three years and each year more of the journals on that list, even those whose editors have spoken up against reading fees, have started charging fees. It is much more likely for a journal on that list to start charging fees, than one not on that list. So the journals that are receiving the most submissions and have the highest odds of rejecting a given submitter are much more likely to charge a fee to do so.

Now well over 50% of that list charges submitters. The closer a journal is to the top of that list, the more likely they are to charge.

This is a serious issue, as these are the journals agents and editors read; they are the ones that increase your chances of getting your work traditionally published.

6. More literary journals are having free submission options

Finally, some mostly-good news. Some literary journals that have added fees have lately made sure to have either fee-free periods or fee-free options. Some even have this neat option where, if you choose to pay a small fee to submit, they will give you feedback on your piece.

Unfortunately, some literary journals are really bad at promoting the fee-free period, so you really have to keep your eyes peeled for it.

7. Presses and agents have no time to send rejections

More presses and literary agents are setting a deadline, sometimes a month, other times six, but always less than a year, where, if you have not heard from them, you should consider yourself rejected. This is becoming a more common policy for literary journals and magazines as well. I generally don’t mind this trend (a canned rejection letter is a canned rejection letter), but I do find it problematic when the press says they send out rejections, but they do not. If a press is upfront about this policy and offers a timeline, I think it works, although it is not ideal.

About one out of every three presses I reviewed this year explicitly stated that they do send out rejection letters and that if you have not heard from them in a certain period of time, to assume rejection.

8. Print journals are becoming rarer and rarer 

A lot of journals that were print are now electronic, partially or completely. New journals are much more likely to be electronic. If the publisher has extra money it goes towards Submittable or paying contributors, not into putting together a print issue.

Even universities and established and respected literary journals are now switching to the online-only literary journal model. Electronic issues are more likely to have more readers. Additionally, it is a lot easier, not to mention cheaper, to run an electronic journal.

This year Tinhouse, one of the most established literary journals, started publishing online only. A number of other established journals went on a temporary hiatus or closed their doors completely.

9. Agents are increasingly unlikely to take on first books

This has been a trend over the years. But I’ve talked to a number of agents now who have openly spoken about preferring authors to get their first book published by a press open to direct submission first, and then find an agent for their second book. Advances are rare and small for first books and royalty percentages are often limited. This gives the agent very little wiggle room so it discourages them from working with first-time authors. This has helped authors who’ve managed to get their first book published on their own.

10. More small manuscript presses are using Submittable 

Submittable is a submission managing service that many literary journals have used for years. It is one of the factors that has made reading fees more common. For a while now, literary journals that also publish books have used Submittable, but more recently presses that do not have a literary journal component are much more likely to use it. So far this has not had a direct correlation with an increase in reading fees for presses.

Are there any trends you have noticed in publishing that I have not mentioned here? Do you have any additional feedback? Please send me an email at support@authorspublish.com.


Emily Harstone is the author of many popular books, including The Authors Publish Guide to Manuscript SubmissionsThe 2019 Guide to Manuscript PublishersSubmit, Publish, Repeat, and The Authors Publish Guide to Children’s and Young Adult Publishing.

She occasionally teaches a course on manuscript publishing, as well as a course on publishing in literary journals.

2019 Nanowrimo- Beneath the Ice

Here it is almost November and I’ve been prepping. I’ve left off writing anything for awhile as I tried to immerse myself into this story. I like the plot. I love the idea of where it goes. I had fun looking up some of the specifics I would need to know.
Who knew how to preserve biological evidence? I thought you could just put them in water/alcohol/formaldehyde and voila’ it was preserved. Oh NO! That is all wrong. The pieces of body parts would be destroyed and no DNA could be recovered. (I hope I read it right.) I’m assuming that all the jars you see with biological matter in them are meant to be preserved not re-examined.

It is necessary for my doctor character to have done the same thing I did and read about the proper way to preserve these items he received. Which he did. Then when my Detective and the FBI agent show up and take possession of said body parts, they can be tested for DNA and eventually matched to any existing DNA submitted by relatives.

I listened to my favorite podcast TRUE CRIME ALL THE TIME with Mike and Gibby for the last four weeks. They examined John Wayne Gasey. What I learned from this case is there are still bodies not identified.
I was just as curious about that as they were. One hypothesis they came to was; maybe it was better for the families to have some hope their loved one would show up, then to find they were the subject of JWG degenerate and public interest.  I can understand that.

As I plot the story is may seem a bit hypothetical. I’m fine with that. Most good stories stretch the imagination to its breaking point. Could it happen like I write it? Yes.  Is it probable that it would happen this way? Meh, not really. But it’s a really cool story.

For the month of November I will need to be writing, at the least 1, 666 words  A DAY.  I find it’s not all that hard to write 2,000 if the mood strikes. It becomes more difficult if you’ve written your plot into a corner and can’t get out. I know because I have at least 3 novels in progress. I add a little more to their plots when the muse strikes.

What does it take to write a novel? Determination and a good story. When I wrote The Vanishing of Katherine Sullivan I was driven to tell this story. I knew it would be a good one. I don’t even remember if I had much plot prep done. I jumped in and started writing and the story flowed out of me.  How did that happen? How can I get that to happen again?

I took James Patterson’s Master Class and finally read two of his books. I’m not hooked. The first one of the series, about a woman detective, captured my interest. Book #2 lost me. However I am intrigued by his style. He writes each scene as a chapter. There is very little segue needed. The setting and character development is done in bits and pieces. This could be useful in my story. I’m going to attempt to replicate his style. It may be more difficult and I’ll have to just write and edit later.

Here is the premise of my story:
Andrea Wilson is with the St. Paul, MN Criminal Apprehension Unit. She’s been there two years. On this frigid day in January 2020 she is watching cutters harvest ice from Blue Lake to be sent to Harriet Island for the Ice Palace project. The water here is the cleanest of the lakes surrounding the city limits.

 As she watchs there is a commotion around the area where the blocks of ice are directed to a conveyor that ends in a truck. She sees something that disturbs her and makes for the opening in the barricade. After flashing her badge, she heads for the men congregating around the blocks. There, frozen in the clear ice is a net full of body parts. A head and three feet cut above the ankles. In the next block of ice is a part of a torso and what looks like arms.

That is the beginning and inciting incident. I’ve learned a lot about serial killers and their habits. I don’t think I’ll insert the killer’s mind into the story. I want to keep the guessing process much like it would be if you were following it in the newspaper or on TV.

A Lump of Coal

Carl pushed his over flowing grocery cart down the rain slick sidewalk. Turning down an alley his cart bumped and skidded along the dirt and debris that covered ground. Carl often felt like an alley. No one paid any attention to them. They were the recipient of all the unwanted refuse. Only the rain washed it and sometimes it made the alleyway even worse. That was Carl.

He leaned into the cart pushing against the resistance of the rocks and gravel hindering his way. The cart stopped. It refused to move no matter how hard he pushed. He moved around the cart and saw a pair of ragged boots lodged against the front.

“Hey old man. What’s ya got in here?” The young man began tearing at the tarp covering the bulging cart.

“Stop that!” Carl ordered, pawing at the man’s hands to stop him.

“What are you hiding?”

“Nothing. What do you want?” Carl pushed the young man back.

The young man wasn’t small by any means, he outweighed Carl by a good twenty pounds or more, but Carl recognized his expression. He was a bully.

Carl straightened his frame to its full height. He looked down at the spiky-haired man by an inch or two. “You going to steal from me?”

“What do you have?” The kid coughed a dry hacking sound.

“Nothing you’d want.” Carl’s voice hardened. “I’m in the same boat you are. I have to eat at the mission, I sleep wherever I can find a place out of the rain. You want to steal from me, then have at it. It’s been done before and I’ll make do until I can find things to replace it.”

The young man looked at the cart then at Carl and shook his head. “You’re just a dirty old tramp. You don’t have nothin’ I want.” He whirled on a broken heel and walked away.

Carl didn’t feel relief. He felt angry and bitter. It wasn’t his fault he was here. He’d lost his job, then his apartment, then the shelter’s kicked him out. No one wanted a Vet with PTSD. He didn’t drink except when it got too cold and he needed to warm the inside.

He walked the streets like a ghost in the crowd. He was shoved aside, had trash thrown at him and every so often some do-gooder handed him a bill or some change. When he went to the camps, church groups came and distributed little sacks of food and hygiene products. Not one ever stopped and really talked to him.

He hated them all. He just wanted to die. He gave the cart a hard push in anger. It rolled into a dumpster under the familiar overhang, home.

That night as he huddled under the tarp, the rain came down in a steady mist. Before getting into his sleeping quarters he looked around the alley. He was alone. Steam rose from the ground. Thank goodness there wasn’t any wind tonight. He shivered and took off his boots, placing them in a bag between to his body and the building wall, so they couldn’t be stolen.

He’d begun to get warm in his bag when he heard a dry cough. Peeking out between the flaps of his tarp, he saw it was the same kid that harassed him earlier. He watched the skinny kid with a black plastic garbage bag tied around his shoulders, rut though a dumpster. Another cough and Carl could tell he was shivering. These kids needed to go home. There were places that took kids in, shelters. He ducked back inside his sleeping bag.

Carl was warm and at least reasonably dry. He had a new sleeping bag he’d stolen from a thrift shop. Why charge people for things that were donated. That always made him angry when he thought about it.

The cough interrupted his thoughts. “Go away!” he shouted from his cocoon.

The sound of steps shuffling away gave him relief. Then the sound of coughing. Not a couple of hacks but the deep cough of a chest infection. Carl should know, he’d been a medic in the service. Too bad. The kid might be dead by morning.

He closed his eyes and snuggled deeper into the warmth of the bag. A flash of thought interrupted his attempt to sleep. A picture of the first aid kit buried at the bottom of his cart. It was under his old sleeping bag. There were cough drops in it and some cough syrup he’d stolen when he’d had a cold a few months ago.

He grunted and ignored the memory.The kid was a menace. He was going to steal from him. There was no way he was getting out of his warm bag, digging through his cart for the old bag and the kit. Nope he wasn’t going to do it.

Silence fell around him and he relaxed. The rain stopped. An occasional drip from the overhang plunked on his tarp and Carl drifted off to sleep. A sound disturbed his sleep. It came again. He pulled his hat around his ears. There is was again. Why had woken him?

It was the cough. The repeated muffled cough.

Carl swore. Why hadn’t the kid gone away? Why did he have to be somewhere the sound penetrated Carl’s sleep. It came again. No matter how hard Carl tried to ignore the sound, the memory of the kit and sleeping bag hammered his thoughts.

“Okay!” He unzipped the bag, and fought his way out of his tent. Walking around to the middle of the alley he waited for the sound to come again. His breath formed vapor as he waited. The cough came again and Carl followed the sound. He couldn’t find the kid lying anywhere next to the wall.

The sound was muffled and movement of plastic bags. Carl moved to the nearest dumpster and lifted the lid to peek inside. The clouds parted for a moment and the moon shone on the occupant of the dumpster. It was the kid. He didn’t open his eyes. He lay in the fetal position his fists clutched his jacket.

“Kid. Get out of there.”

The kid’s eyes slowly opened and he peered up. “What do you want? Leave me alone.”

“Come on. I have an old sleeping bag and some cough syrup.”

“The good stuff?” His hopeful expression irritated Carl.

“No. Get out of there.” Carl marched back to his cart not waiting to see if the kid followed. He dug down and pulled out the sleeping bag in its plastic protector and the kit. He frowned as another plastic bag fell from the cart. Carl picked it up to find clothes inside. A pair of jeans and a flannel shirt. A new set of thermal underwear completed the contents. Where had this come from? He didn’t remember getting this bag from the mission. He shrugged as a cough sounded behind him.

“Here,” He thrust the plastic bag of clothes at the kid. Go between those dumpsters and change into the dry clothes. I don’t know if they’ll fit.” The kid stood there. He stared at the bag Carl held. “Go on. Take it before I change my mind.”

The bag almost took his fingers off as it was grabbed from his hand. The kid disappeared.

Carl shook his head. What was he doing? Giving his own stuff away to a kid who wouldn’t appreciate it. He pushed the kit back in the cart and tossed the sleeping bag in the direction the kid. “Here’s a sleeping bag. Its stopped raining so you won’t need a tarp.”

Carl wiped off his boots and put them back under his tarp. Before he could get into his own bag the kid was standing there beside him holding the rolled up bag. The clothes seem to fit him as if they were his exact size. Carl frowned. That couldn’t be.

“What do you want now?”

“Nothing from you old man.” The kid shifted from one foot to the other. He adjusted teh bag under his arm for a better grip. “You said you had some cough syrup.” His tone wasn’t belligerent but respectful. It was a change.

“Yeah. You said you didn’t need anything.”

The kid coughed again and the sound grated on Carl’s senses. “Here.” He reached in the cart and tossed the kit to the kid. Not wanting any more conversation, he pulled the cart back to its protective position and crawled into his sleeping bag under the tarp. He didn’t hear anything more from the kid.

The sound of voices woke Carl the next morning. Peeking through the edges of the tarp he saw two squad cars pulled into the end of the alley and a cop gripped the kid in handcuffs. Another cop looked through the sleeping bag and held up the first aid kit. After a quick check, he threw both back on the ground and followed his partner. They left and once again it was silent. Carl sighed and closed his eyes. Sometimes you can’t get a break with a helping hand.

Two weeks later Carl stood in a line waiting for food. The doors would open soon and he’d get his first hot meal of the day. The mission let the homeless park their carts while they ate. They had to exit the building if they didn’t have a bed ticket.

The room quieted and Carl looked up to see two men looking at the assembly with great interest. Carl hid his eyes and concentrated on his food. When the man sitting next to him stood up to see what was going on, Carl grabbed his dinner roll and stuffed it in his pocket. After a brief search for the missing roll the man gave up and ate the rest of his food.

When Carl finished he pitched his plate into the bin and pulled out the metal flask. Holding it out to the woman with the bored expression, she glared at him. “What do you want?”

“Coffee?” He asked softly and the woman whirled to speak to another worker who accompanied the woman back to where he stood. “I’m sorry we can’t fill your container. We need to have enough coffee for everyone.” She smiled with apology.

Carl jerked the container back without comment and walked toward the door.

“That’s him. That’s the guy.” A voice followed him. Soon his arms were grabbed on each side by two men in suits and he was marched around a corner into a room and the door shut.

“What’s going on guys? I haven’t done anything wrong. Let me go.” Carl demanded.

A man stepped into the room and stood looking at Carl. He wasn’t smiling. “You don’t recognize me.”

Carl didn’t bother looking at him.

“You gave me clothes and a sleeping bag.” The man stated.

Carl looked at the man from the new shoes and slacks, on up to the thick wool dress coat, leather gloves and a red scarf around his neck. Standing next to him was an old man with white hair poking below a wool Stetson hat. He didn’t recognize either man but he remembered the kid with the cough and gave a nod.

“You were the only one who ever gave me anything. I know I was rude. I’m sorry. You could have left me to die, but you didn’t. I want to thank you for that.”

“Forget it kid. Looks like you clean up good. Go do some good deeds somewhere and leave me alone.” He started for the door, but the guard grabbed his arm. “Hold on there. The kid wants to do something for you. Let him do it.”

“What’s it to you rent-a-cop? Leave me alone.” He jerked his arm away from the man’s grasp.

“Look, if you don’t want what I have to offer, you’re free to walk out of here. I turned my back on all I had. I thought I knew it all and could figure it out. That night you gave your stuff to me I realized I needed help. I called home and my parents came and got me. I’m going to do better. All I want to do is give you a helping hand. Whatever you need, I’ll help you get it.”

He stood there with an expression Carl hadn’t seen in a long while. He didn’t show pity, He didn’t feel sorry either. He offered Carl help. Carl didn’t realize his feet moved until he stood in front of the kid. “Okay. if it makes you feel better, I accept.”

The kid’s face broke into a grin and he looked at the man beside him. “Let’s get him home.”

That was four years ago. Today Carl works at half way house for Vets. His medic background and classes rewarded him with a CNA license and he is a caregiver. Life has a way of changing you when you least expect it.

Ted Dekker’s 4 Deadly Mistakes

I received or signed up for Ted Dekker’s newsletter. Maybe I just clicked on something and now I get updates from him.

I haven’t read his books even though I own a couple. I wasn’t in the mood to read that style. If I ever go on another vacation where I get to sit in the sun for days and just read, I’ll bring his two books with me. I know they were interesting when I bought them.

I’m a writer so having a successful writer offer to give me the 4 Deadly Mistakes Fiction Writers Make, I immediately opened the list and began to look at them. I’m not going to copy and paste his work here. I will tell you he receives lots of questions from struggling writers. Good for us he feels empathy to share his vast knowledge with those still learning their craft.

After reading the list, I find I’ve read this list before. I enjoyed the way he explained how to avoid these mistakes.  What I wonder is at what point do people, like me, stop looking for some quick fix, magic wand, incantation, lucky plot pot, or even just a very good mentor to show us how to write a successful book or just finish one?

Having this list is great. Print it and tape it or pin it right next to your computer. Have you suficiently included or avoided these mistakes? I wonder. I found #3 Storytelling to be somewhat ambigous. BE A GOOD STORYTELLER. …RIGHT…

He tells you to be one but doesn’t tell you how to do it. Let me give you a little insight to what I think might help. Have you ever been to your friend’s house after they returned home from a vacation? At one time it was self narrated slide shows. (If you’re old enough to know what a slide show is). Then came the home movies. (They could have been at the same time depending on whether your parents had a movie camera or a still camera). There would be hours of boring footage of roadside scenery, children frolicking in the ocean, fishing, jumping off a dock into a lake, trying to paddle a canoe (that was the funniest part of the whole evening) and your friends waving at the camera before it tilted and fell over. There was no plot, no conflict and no goal. (Other than to get there and back home.)

Basically what I’m saying is a story isn’t a biography of a fictional character. A story isn’t about telling things that happen to that character.  “He went here, then there, climbed that mountain, swam that stream and forded that bridge. ‘{Yawn}  It’s what happens along the way that almost derails the trip, delays it, causes consternation and maybe even incites some fear. That is conflict. The resolution that it all worked out at the end gives the reader a good feeling. BUT! until the end, the writer must keep the reader from any ‘deep couch sitting.’ The reader must feel like they want to jump into the story at any time to help out.

Now the 4 Mistakes are a good start, However, like any good author, Mr. Dekkor never really gives you a full answer or understanding of those 4 Mistakes. You will of course have to buy his new book The creative Way: A Course in Transformational Fiction  when it comes out in March. Which just happens to begin tomorrow.

You can download his PDF of Sell Out and read that.  Until next time. I will try to do thos more often.

The NaNo

October started out with a bang and I began the process of planning out my novel for the National Write A Novel in a Month challenge. I was on fire. The story was about the treatment of Chinese in the early 1900’s in eastern Oregon. A magnificent plan. How do I write a story without it sounding like a documentary on the life of the Chinese during that time period?

I did a lot of research. A friend and I took a trip to Pendleton and Baker City, Oregon.  I learned the Chinese were treated with hostility, distrust and they were tormented. While they came to America, the land of opportunity, to earn money for their families and maybe even have a better life, they were not afforded that freedom.

I chose to make this a fiction about a mixed race young woman who had opportunities growing up that other Chinese didn’t have, but once she reached the age of marriage that relationship with her peers changed to what most of us have studied about the inter-racial marriages of the day. She was shunned. Chosing a career, she headed to eastern Oregon to write articles about miners and mining. While there she learns about the real mine workers and the way the Chinese men built the railroads, their treatment and ultimately her treatment.

I had the story planned and then the last week of October I went on a trip. With no laptop, I had a notebook with some old notes from a previous story I started.  Just to give my mind a break I took the old story and applied all the questions I’d just finished  on the other outline. I wrote and wrote, the ideas and conflict flowing just a freely as the new story.

On my way home, Oct. 31, I looked at the outline for both stories and realized I could write either story. The crux of the problem seemed to be which story was I more passionate about telling? Which one would keep me writing every day? Which conflicts demanded to be resolved and who would show up to save the heroine? As the time to start writing drew closer I had no clearer vision of which story to write.

Saturday, Nov.1 came and I stared at the computer with distaste. I didn’t feel like writing. I didn’t feel like doing anything, really. With that attitude, I decided to sit this NaNo Challenge out. That doesn’t mean I won’t be writing. I have other things in my life that are demanding attention. Writing one of these two stories isn’t at the top and demanding to be told.

I look back at the last NaNo I did. The story flowed. Then two months later I had foot surgery and off work for a month. I wrote the rest of it. I was fortunate to find a publisher who is a great editor and I’m finishing up the last of the edits so it can be ready to publish in January of 2015.

I don’t feel like a failure because I stepped out of the Challenge. It was almost a relief. I’m sure one of these stories will step forward and demand to be told. Until then the editing process will take some time and I need to be ready for new adventures as they come my way.